On August 15, 1995, Japanese Premier Murayama Tomiichi made a statement regarding Japan’s actions during WWII. It was a difficult process, as only two months prior a similar document was passed through the Diet, albeit with much contention and controversy surrounding its wording. As the resolution made by the Diet was not deemed satisfactory, Premier Murayama chose instead to release a statement on his office’s behalf. The statement began,

Japan, following a mistaken national policy, advanced along the road to war, only to ensnare the Japanese people in a fateful crisis, and, through its colonial rule and aggression, caused tremendous…

Image for post
Image for post
Photo by Pang Yuhao on Unsplash

Every year, thousands upon thousands of high schoolers from all around the world flock to the United States to apply to colleges. Eager, hopeful, and a little scared, the seniors send in their college apps, hoping for the best. But only a few will achieve their dreams; the majority will go on with their lives, disappointed and feeling that perhaps they have been disadvantaged from fully achieving their potential. Specific minority groups, African-Americans Hispanics in particular, are often called the “disadvantaged minority”, referencing their relatively low socioeconomic status within the United States. …

Political authority, in a way, is the power a governing power has over a state(the nation-state idea of a state); legitimacy is the possibility of defense of such powers and, in short, the power of not being overrun by coups or revolutions. In that context, Britain holds several factors, such as the monarchy and the strong Westminster system, which work as a source of political legitimacy and authority; these institutions, through British characteristics such as gradualism and insularity, have slowly changed over time due to challenges set by changing global conditions.

Even before the Normans invaded England, Britain always was…

Image for post
Image for post
Korea’s seven decades under Japanese influence from 1875 to 1945 has always been a period of history filled with strong emotions and animated debate.

Korea’s seven decades under Japanese influence from 1875 to 1945 has always been a period of history filled with strong emotions and animated debate. While there originally existed a global consensus by historians and economists that colonies primarily exist to serve their “mother country”, this became questionable as liberated colonies such as South Korea and Ireland oversaw leaps and bounds in economic and societal development during the Cold War.

Since the 1960s — when the aforementioned countries began showing great economic progress under the capitalist system — various scholars around the world began asserting there existed a connection between the…

Image for post
Image for post
Verwoerd was the villain behind the scenes in promoting Apartheid and racist policies against non-whites.

White supremacy and the idea of ‘racial hierarchy’ were present during the early 20th century as nothing but a vague fantasy by conservative Afrikaners and in documented rudimentary policies against native tribes in South Africa. This situation came to a close in 1948 when the National Party of South Africa upheld a racial policy of “strict racial segregation in all spheres of living”, often identified as the Apartheid.

The word itself was derived from the Dutch word “Apart”(Separate); the “-heid”(-hood) was added to make the adjective into a noun. …

Image for post
Image for post
He needed a drink.

“He needed a drink.” This continuous and incessant want for alcohol drove Neddy Merrill onwards to his tragic demise in “The Swimmer.” The journey by itself is similar in several respects to the Hero’s Journey: the protagonist, with the help of others, reaches anagnorisis several times within the short story.

However, an important distinction is evident when it is found Merrill never gains preipety and only swims further away from it; willing to sequester himself in lies and alcoholism, Neddy actively attempts to stay in the Abyss of the Hero’s Journey. …

Image for post
Image for post
The Republic of South Africa crumpled at the face of democracy 46 years late with the fall of apartheid.

No-one was expecting it when the National Party won the 1948 parliamentary election in South Africa. Most South Africans, both white and black, were expecting Jan Hofmeyr’s United Party to win that spring day, just like they had done for 14 years. As a matter of fact, the various ethnic peoples of Suid-Afrika would have scoffed at the idea that the Nasionale Party would rampage the nation as the political hegemon for the next 46 years.

In a society where different economic groups were as clearly divided between races as in South Africa, it did not take much effort to…

Image for post
Image for post
The position of king is highly volatile and dangerous; circumstances can become even direr when one spontaneously gives up the position of king.

The position of king is highly volatile and dangerous; circumstances can become even direr when one spontaneously gives up the position of king. King Lear shows that, if one makes mistakes as a leader by sequestering his position, such decisions can prove fatal. These decisions, which show King Lear in Act 1 to be a self-centred and rash figure, are exemplified in several quotes within the play King Lear. When Oswald mistreats Lear in two occasions, he shows unnecessary pride in himself by becoming affronted; in the instances where Cordelia and Kent infuriate Lear, he shows impulsiveness by punishing both…

Image for post
Image for post
It has been almost 4 years.

Introduction

It has been almost 4 years since the United Kingdom held a referendum over whether or not to stay in the European Union. Since that time, there were numerous options discussed over how the results of the referendum will play out — mainly in terms of the options between a “soft Brexit” on the one hand and a “hard Brexit” on the other. In the initial months following the referendum, there were talks of six main scenarios concerning British exit the European Union.

First, Britain would possibly leave the EU but remain in the single market by retaining membership…

Image for post
Image for post
북한이 핵보유국이라는 사실이 조용하게 기정사실화되었다.

2017년 현재, 대한민국과 북한, 아니 전세계와 북한 간의 관계는 파국으로 치닫기 일보직전이다. 김정은은 1월 신년인사에서 대륙간 탄도미사일 개발이 완성 단계에 왔다고 발표했고, 북한은 2월에 새로운 고체엔진을 성공적으로 실험하였다. 6월 말 현재 북한은 미국을 표적삼아 도발로 괴롭히고 있다. 지난 2016년도 마저도 조용한 한해는 더욱 아니었다.

남북한은 최근 몇 년간 4, 5차 핵실험, 광명성호 발사, 개성공단 중단등으로 인해 꾸준히 관계가 안 좋아져왔다. 더욱 안타까운 사실은 북한이 핵보유국이라는 사실이 조용하게 기정사실화되었다. 우리가 과거 어느 시점에 북한의 핵개발을 막을 수 있었는데 놓쳤던 것일까? 아니면 …

Zeppelinair

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store